Knowledgebase

Number of results: 287

Homomorphic Encryption

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE Project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Momorphic Encryption

Momorphic Encryption is a kind of cryptography  where mathematical operations on the ciphertext are equivalent to  mathematical operations on the plaintext. This property allows the processing of encrypted data without former decryption of the data.  That means that the confidentiality of the data even during processing is guaranteed  in contrast to other  non-homomorphic  encryption  schemes.

Agent-based Modelling

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Agent-based Modelling

Agent-based models are a class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents  (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. They  are an important tool for the emerging and rapidly evolving field of computational sociology and constitute an important link between  social sciences and complexity sciences.

Nano Air Vehicles

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Nano Air Vehicles

Nano Air Vehicles (NAV) are the smallest class of unmanned aerial vehicles. Typical dimensions are in the range of about 15 cm size or below and about 15 g weight or less, yet a common classification does not exist. Due to their small size and slow absolut velocities the design of NAV needs to be different from the typical fixed wing or helicopter concepts of larger aircraft. NAV generally are built as mini-quadcopter or even flapping wing platforms, fostering a paradigm shift away from normal flight with steady or bound vortices to unsteady flow phenomena as in bird and insect flight. 

European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Maritime Surveillance is the effective understanding of all activities carried out at sea that could impact the security, safety, economy or environment . This includes e.g. border control, fisheries control, customs, maritime transport control and weather observation

 

Whole Body Scanner

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Whole Body Scanners

Whole Body Imaging (WBI) technology or Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) is used to scan and create a full-body (2- or 3- dimensional) image of an individual, including the surface of the skin and objects on, but not in, the body. Backscatter x-ray systems scan the surface of a body at a high speed with low-dose x-rays at 0.01 to 10 nm wavelengths. Millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging systems utilize radiation with 1 to 10 mm to generate a three-dimensional image based on the energy reflected from the body; and terahertz imagers ("sub-millimeter" systems) operate at 0.1 to 1.0 mm wavelengths sensing the heat emission from a human body. 

Augmented Reality Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Augmented Reality Systems

Augmented reality systems (ARS) are computer generated additions to reality, such as visual, audible or tactile information, which enhance the users perception of his environment. These augmented aspects give the user the impression that these are a part of the real world. Such systems can e.g. be handheld devices (e. g. mobile phone), head mounted displays (e. g. google glass), projections or contact lens displays.

Quantum Cryptography

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Quantum Cryptography

Quantum cryptography uses quantum physical principles to securely distribute a secret encryption key between two or more remote parties. This key is then used for a classical encryption scheme to encrypt and decrypt information. For this reason, quantum cryptography is also called quantum key distribution.

Through the wall sensors

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of through-the wall sensing

Through the Wall Sensing (TWS) or Through the Wall Radar (TWR) describe technologies which enable the detection and localization of persons or objects through non transparent and non metallic matter (e.g. walls, debris). Active TWS systems use microwave or rather radar frequencies (2-30 Ghz), whereas passive systems are able to utilize radiation emitted by WLAN or broadcasting systems.

 

Biometric Recognition Technologies

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Biometric recognition technologies

"Biometric recognition includes a variety of technologies which are used for the automated identification and authentication of people. Unique identifiable attributes such as iris, retina or fingerprints, as well as hand, face, voice or gait patterns can be used to validate the identity of individuals"

 

National Security and Societal Implications of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems and Related Technologies

Document type: 
Interview/sound/video
Video: 
Publisher / Publication: 
The official broadcast channel of the IEEE Consumer Electronics Society. Video shot by the St. Petersburg State University of Film and Television
Abstract: 

 Lecture with Philip Hall on National Security and Societal Implications of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems and Related Technologies

(48 min)

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