Knowledgebase

Number of results: 305

Governing Terrorism Through Risk: Taking Precautions, (un)Knowing the Future

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
European Journal of International Relations March 2007 vol. 13 no. 1 89-115
Abstract: 

The events of 9/11 appeared to make good on Ulrich Beck's claim that we are now living in a (global) risk society.

Examining what it means to ‘govern through risk’, this article departs from Beck's thesis of risk society and its appropriation in security studies. Arguing that the risk society thesis problematically views risk within a macro-sociological narrative of modernity, this article shows, based on a Foucauldian account of governmentality, that governing terrorism through risk involves a permanent adjustment of traditional forms of risk management in light of the double infinity of catastrophic consequences and the incalculability of the risk of terrorism. Deploying the Foucauldian notion of ‘dispositif’, this article explores precautionary risk and risk analysis as conceptual tools that can shed light on the heterogeneous practices that are defined as the ‘war on terror’.

Earthquake Prediction

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Earthquake Prediction

A distinction must be made between the prediction of an earthquake and earthquake early warning systems (EEW). EEW  systems use seismic monitoring systems to alert devices and people when shaking waves, generated by an earthquake, are expected to  arrive at their location. Monitoring technologies recognize P-waves which are not destructive. After some seconds to minutes (depending on  their intensity and the distance to the epicenter) these are followed by damaging S-waves. During the period between P- and S-waves,  people and technical systems can be warned to protect life and property from destructive shaking (warning time: about 1 second for every 5  miles). On the current state of scientific knowledge reliable earthquake predictions are not possible.

Enhancing communication & collaboration in interdisciplinary research

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
SAGE, Los Angeles
Abstract: 

Enhancing Communication & Collaboration in Interdisciplinary Research, edited by  Michael O'Rourke, Stephen Crowley, Sanford D. Eigenbrode, and J. D.

Wulfhorst, is a volume of previously unpublished, state-of-the-art chapters on interdisciplinary communication and collaboration written by leading figures and promising junior scholars in the world of interdisciplinary research, education, and administration. Designed to inform both teaching and research, this innovative book covers the spectrum of interdisciplinary activity, offering a timely emphasis on collaborative interdisciplinary work. The book’s four main parts focus on theoretical perspectives, case studies, communication tools, and institutional perspectives, while a final chapter ties together the various strands that emerge in the book and defines trend-lines and future research questions for those conducting work on interdisciplinary communication.

D2.7 Guidebook for Knowledge Sharing on Societal Security

Document type: 
Report
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
SOURCE Consortium
Abstract: 

This is the first of three versions of the guidebook to be issued within the SOURCE Network of Excellence.

After a general overview of knowledge sharing where the importance of tacit knowledge is highlighted the very challenging conditions for knowledge sharing in societal security are explored. Thereafter follows an exploration of knowledge sharing methods. At the present stage of the action it is mainly based on literature and pre-SOURCE experience.

The World Cafe

Document type: 
Blog/website
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
The World Café Community Foundation
Abstract: 

Using seven design principles and a simple method, the World Café is a powerful social technology for engaging people in conversations that matter, offering an effective antidote to the fast-paced

fragmentation and lack of connection in today’s world. Based on the understanding that conversation is the core process that drives personal, business, and organizational life, the World Café is more than a method, a process, or technique – it’s a way of thinking and being together sourced in a philosophy of conversational leadership.

Report on the outcomes of the: "Public consultation on transnational research cooperation and knowledge transfer between public research organisations and industry"

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
EUROPEAN COMMISSION RESEARCH DIRECTORATE-GENERAL Directorate M - Investment in Research and links with other policies Political aspects, private investment, relations with EIB
Abstract: 

This document summarises the outcomes of the online public consultation conducted by the RESEARCH DG from 12 May to 31 July 2006 during which 199 responses were received.

The consultation results clearly show that the exploitation of publicly funded research results is deemed to be an important driver for EU competitiveness. It also highlighted a number of key issues that should be addressed if closer PRO-industry links are to be achieved.

Knowledge Sharing among Scientists Why Reputation Matters for R&D in Multinational Firms

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Palgrave Macmillan
Abstract: 

Explores the relationship between social characteristics of scientists and the interpersonal sharing of technological knowledge.

The findings illuminate attributes of reputation conducive to the voluntary transfer of timely, relevant, technological knowledge among individual R&D scientists in the same multidivisional, multinational firm.

Improving knowledge transfer between research institutions and industry across Europe

Document type: 
Report
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION EUR 22836 EN COM(2007)182
Abstract: 

A strong scientific knowledge base is one of Europe’s traditional key assets and has allowed us to become world class in several research fields.

In spite of these merits, the global position of European
research is currently being challenged by a rapidly changing research landscape. Simultaneously, European research is faced with the implications of globalisation of markets and industries, digitalisation
and new technologies, as well as a need to address societal issues such as an ageing population or climate change.
In its broad-based innovation strategy for the EU, the importance of improving knowledge transfer between public research institutions and third parties, including industry and civil society organisations was identified by the Commission as one of ten key areas for action. This Communication responds to this need and it presents a number of orientations for Member States. It sets out ideas on how Member
States and the Community can act together, in a mutually reinforcing way, to overcome some of the existing obstacles, in particular in terms of promoting the trans-national dimension of knowledge transfer.
It is accompanied by a Commission Staff Working Document on “voluntary guidelines for universities and other research institutions to improve their links with industry across Europe” which are based on
good practices identified by a number of national public authorities and the work of various European stakeholder associations.

D2.4 Overview and Analysis of Modes of Exchange between relevant Sectors

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
SOURCE Publication
Abstract: 

This report pursued the objective to describe the modes of interactions of the different sectors concerned with societal security and to detect the obstacles which could hinder a successful interac

tion and cooperation of all sectors to enhance societal security in Europe. For these analyses three types of data were used: the results of the sector survey meeting already published in D2.3, the results of an online questionnaire and six different studies containing desktop research about the different security claims defined in D2.3.

A Handbook on Knowledge Sharing: Strategies and Recommendations for Researchers, Policymakers, and Service Providers

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
Community-University Partnership for the Study of Children, Youth, and Families Edmonton, Canada
Abstract: 

This handbook was created by the Community-University Partnership for the Study of Children, Youth, and Families (CUP) as a resource for those interested in knowledge sharing among researchers, pol

icymakers, service providers, and the public.
This handbook was formulated using existing knowledge-sharing
resources, which were collected, reviewed, and summarized. In addition, CUP's experiences working with researchers, policymakers, and service providers have informed the development of this handbook.
The target audience for this handbook includes those struggling with
knowledge sharing among researchers, policymakers, and service providers in the health and social science fields. This book represents an attempt to bring together the diversity of information that was scattered across books, journals, and organizations into a logical, accessible resource, which will hopefully be a useful tool to those engaged in knowledge sharing.
As the art and science of knowledge sharing progress, revisions to this manual will be made. CUP invites any ideas for future editions for this ongoing work-in-progress.

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