Knowledgebase

Number of results: 310

Disentangling Wicked Problems: A Reflexive Approach Towards Resilience Governance

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity – From Problem Framing to Problem Solving. A.J. Masys (Ed.), 91-105. Springer, Switserland.
Abstract: 

This chapter discusses the complex challenge of dealing with diverging threats in our contemporary hyper-connected society.

In recent decades, resilience has become a key notion that has been adopted by policy-makers and academia to embrace the changing risk our society faces. Yet the traditional, modernist rational logic that dominates approaches to resilience management, does not fit with the problem at hand. In this chapter we argue that societal challenges in the current era require a paradigm shift: we need novel perspectives on how to approach the governance of risks and the societal implementation of resolutions. We will argue that the recent focus shift from risk assessment to resilience enhancement in many disaster management communities is an important aspect of this paradigm shift, but that it is by itself not enough to deal with the ‘wickedness’ of today’s complexity.

Big Data Surveillance

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Surveillance & Society 12(2): 185-196
Abstract: 

One of the less publicized facts about the deployment of surveillance and military drones is that in addition to weapons, cameras, and other sensors, they are equipped with a device called an “Air

Handler” that can capture all available wireless data traffic in the area. As one of the rare news accounts about this device put it, when a drone goes out on a mission, “the NSA [National Security Agency] has put a device on it that is not actually under the control of the CIA or the military; it is just sucking up data for the NSA” (Goodman 2014).

fundamental rights training for border guards - Trainers Manual

Document type: 
Other publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Frontex
Abstract: 

Border control officers are placed in a unique position to facilitate the movement of people engaged in legitimate business, travelling for tourism or individuals aiming to cross the border to seek

international protection. At the same time, they have to guard the national territory from the entry of individuals involved in criminal activities (trafficking in human beings, drug trafficking, etc.),
which makes the nature of their duties complex and demanding.

Ethical Aspects of Biometric Identification Technologies in a Multicultural Society

Document type: 
Other publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
CENTRE FOR SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND CITIZENSHIP-ROME
Abstract: 

EACME Anuual Meeting presentation

Philosophical Perspectives on States and Immigration

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
King’s College, Cambridge
Abstract: 

Migration is part of the human condition and is a fundamental fact with which political theory must contend.

Where economic or other gradients are sufficiently strong, they create what is essentially an irresistible force for migration; in such cases democratic states tend to find it impossible to stop illegal immigration, if legal immigration is limited. Yet contemporary political theory debates immigration in terms of ideas which prescind from these realities, and which moreover are not always interpreted correctly in their implications for immigration. Three such ‘immovable ideas’ – sovereignty, democracy, and nationality – are explored in this chapter.

Governing Terrorism Through Risk: Taking Precautions, (un)Knowing the Future

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
European Journal of International Relations March 2007 vol. 13 no. 1 89-115
Abstract: 

The events of 9/11 appeared to make good on Ulrich Beck's claim that we are now living in a (global) risk society.

Examining what it means to ‘govern through risk’, this article departs from Beck's thesis of risk society and its appropriation in security studies. Arguing that the risk society thesis problematically views risk within a macro-sociological narrative of modernity, this article shows, based on a Foucauldian account of governmentality, that governing terrorism through risk involves a permanent adjustment of traditional forms of risk management in light of the double infinity of catastrophic consequences and the incalculability of the risk of terrorism. Deploying the Foucauldian notion of ‘dispositif’, this article explores precautionary risk and risk analysis as conceptual tools that can shed light on the heterogeneous practices that are defined as the ‘war on terror’.

Earthquake Prediction

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Earthquake Prediction

A distinction must be made between the prediction of an earthquake and earthquake early warning systems (EEW). EEW  systems use seismic monitoring systems to alert devices and people when shaking waves, generated by an earthquake, are expected to  arrive at their location. Monitoring technologies recognize P-waves which are not destructive. After some seconds to minutes (depending on  their intensity and the distance to the epicenter) these are followed by damaging S-waves. During the period between P- and S-waves,  people and technical systems can be warned to protect life and property from destructive shaking (warning time: about 1 second for every 5  miles). On the current state of scientific knowledge reliable earthquake predictions are not possible.

Enhancing communication & collaboration in interdisciplinary research

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
SAGE, Los Angeles
Abstract: 

Enhancing Communication & Collaboration in Interdisciplinary Research, edited by  Michael O'Rourke, Stephen Crowley, Sanford D. Eigenbrode, and J. D.

Wulfhorst, is a volume of previously unpublished, state-of-the-art chapters on interdisciplinary communication and collaboration written by leading figures and promising junior scholars in the world of interdisciplinary research, education, and administration. Designed to inform both teaching and research, this innovative book covers the spectrum of interdisciplinary activity, offering a timely emphasis on collaborative interdisciplinary work. The book’s four main parts focus on theoretical perspectives, case studies, communication tools, and institutional perspectives, while a final chapter ties together the various strands that emerge in the book and defines trend-lines and future research questions for those conducting work on interdisciplinary communication.

D2.7 Guidebook for Knowledge Sharing on Societal Security

Document type: 
Report
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
SOURCE Consortium
Abstract: 

This is the first of three versions of the guidebook to be issued within the SOURCE Network of Excellence.

After a general overview of knowledge sharing where the importance of tacit knowledge is highlighted the very challenging conditions for knowledge sharing in societal security are explored. Thereafter follows an exploration of knowledge sharing methods. At the present stage of the action it is mainly based on literature and pre-SOURCE experience.

The World Cafe

Document type: 
Blog/website
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
The World Café Community Foundation
Abstract: 

Using seven design principles and a simple method, the World Café is a powerful social technology for engaging people in conversations that matter, offering an effective antidote to the fast-paced

fragmentation and lack of connection in today’s world. Based on the understanding that conversation is the core process that drives personal, business, and organizational life, the World Café is more than a method, a process, or technique – it’s a way of thinking and being together sourced in a philosophy of conversational leadership.

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