Knowledgebase

Number of results: 236

The Politics of the Police (4th Edition)

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Oxford University Press
Abstract: 

The fourth edition of Politics of the Police has been completely revised and updated to take into account of recent changes in the law, policy, and organization of policing. 

From Clint Eastwood's Dirty Harry to Life on Mars, Robert Reiner explores the highly-charged debates that surround policing, including the various controversies and developments that have led to a change in the public's opinion of the police in recent years, and analyses the proposals for reform.

The book sets out to analyze how the police are perceived and the impact the mass media has on the public's perception and what we can expect in the future, given current research into police working practices and proposals for reform. 

An Introduction to Criminological Theory (4th Edition)

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Routledge
Abstract: 

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to criminological theory for students taking courses in criminology at both undergraduate and postgraduate level.

Building on previous editions, which broadened the debate on criminological theory, this book presents the latest research and theoretical developments.

A case study of C2 Agility in the 2014 Västmanland forest fire

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI)
Abstract: 

This report presents a study where a case study template developed by the research group NATO STO SAS-085 is used to analyze an emergency response operation in order to identify and collect evidenc

e concerning the occurrence of agility and command and control (C2) agility. The firefighting operation during the 2014 Västmanland forest fire is used as a case as it involved a multitude of organizations responding to a forest fire that evolved in a rapid and complex during rather extreme weather conditions in the Swedish context. This situation presented a challenge in terms of C2. The analysis suggests that the unusual and challenging conditions of the forest fire prevented the involved organizations to reach the appropriate C2 approach during the initial phases of the firefighting operation. The analysis also highlights the need to be prepared for response operations that are not commonly encountered. This in turn demands the ability to scale up and create or activate C2 support functions in order to achieve appropriate C2. Common operational picture (COP) is an essential component if such ability is to be demonstrated, something that was found insufficient or missing in the studied firefighting operation. At the same time, it cannot be ruled out whether the outcome of the firefighting operation would have been different if actions had been put in place in line with the agility and C2 agility concepts. Using the case study template proved to be challenging when applying it on data (reports and documents) collected for other purposes than investigating C2 and C2 agility. Above all, it is the difficulty in discriminating interesting facts from interesting details, and the difficulty of applying the concepts of agility and C2 agility. Applying the concepts of C2 agility can thus be seen as somewhat unjust as such a concept has never been used or applied in the Swedish context. On the other hand, viewing the handling of the firefighting operation during the forest fire in terms of agility and C2 agility has been helpful as it has highlighted some limitations of the current approach to large scale firefighting operations.

Evaluation of the cooperation to prevent social unrest in the Järva area

Document type: 
Report
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Polismyndigheten i Stockholms län (the Stockholm County Police Authority)
Abstract: 

This report consists of an evaluation of the cooperation in the Järva area and an inventory of other positive experiences in other parts of Sweden and Europe.

This was conducted during the autumn of 2011. Study trips have been made to Uppsala, Gothenburg and Malmö within Sweden, and London, Copenhagen and Paris outside Sweden. Common to these cities is that they have experienced similar problems and thus have experience in handling social unrest and riots.

A summary of risk areas and scenario analyses 2012–2015

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)
Abstract: 

The report presents a comprehensive overview of the different risks Sweden faces, risks which could have a serious impact on key Swedish national values of protection: human life and health, societ

y’s functionality, economy and the environment, democracy, rule of law, and human rights and freedoms, and national sovereignty. For the purpose of clarity, MSB has categorised the risks into four main categories. The four main categories are: natural hazards, major accidents, disruption to technical infrastructure and supply systems, and antagonistic hazards. The types of risk that could arise, their impact, examples of past incidents, and the responsibility in relation to these risks are discussed for each category. Where MSB has conducted a scenario analysis in relation to the risk area, the results of this are presented after the initial risk description. Each scenario has been analysed based on the capability of society to prevent and respond to the scenario in respect of its potential impact on Sweden’s national values of protection. Each analysis also includes a discussion related to the likelihood, sensitivity, and uncertainties pertaining to the scenario.

Unrest in the City - What can the riots in Stockholm teach us?

Document type: 
Report
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Flemish Peace Institute
Abstract: 

This study offers an analysis of the riots of May 2013 in Stockholm. Compared to 'Paris' or 'Borgerhout', it is indeed surprising to hear 'Stockholm' mentioned in this context.

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden, a country known for the liberal character of its society and political institutions. In the Global Peace Index compiled by the Institute for Economics and Peace and published annually by The Economist, Sweden currently occupies ninth place. Within such a context of apparent peacefulness, wealth and democracy, the riots in Stockholm came as a surprise, at least to the foreign observer. They give reason to take a fresh look at the problem of collective violence in the contemporary city.

Segregation and Urban Unrest in Sweden

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Urban Geography, 34 (7): 1031-1046
Abstract: 

In 2009, Sweden experienced a wave of urban unrest concentrated in areas with large foreign-born populations.

This episode was seen by many as reflecting a trend towards increased ethnically based residential segregation, in line with scholarly literatures that correlate inequality and rising segregation with increases in unrest or rebellion. In this paper, we analyze the empirical connection between ethnic residential segregation and episodes of urban unrest in Sweden. Unrest is measured by the number of car burnings reported to police between 2002 and 2009. We find a positive and statistically significant link between residential segregation and car burnings at the scale of municipalities and metropolitan districts. Unrest/rebellion is also correlated with high proportion of young adults and social welfare assistance.

European Union Research on Human Rights, Conflicts and Security in the 6th Framework Programme and the first period of 7th Framework Programme

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission
Abstract: 

Research on factors that foster the protection and enjoyment of human rights, or lead to human rights' violation, is an important knowledge base for policies in this field.

Only through the production of the 'best available knowledge' concerning which human rights are threatened or violated, why, by who, in which context, to what degree and – conversely- which rules, incentives, strategies, actors can prevent such violations, can effective policies be designed and implemented. The Research Framework Programme (FP) includes a programme on social sciences and humanities that has been addressing certain political and social rights in the EU context, certain minority rights and other human rights in the relation to security and violent conflicts, and –while rather marginally so far- specific human rights issues in the context of globalisation. Such research includes the analysis of legal norms, social behaviour and perceptions, political regimes, economic structures, and/or culture. This preliminary 'stock-taking' contribution primarily focuses on human rights research in relation to conflicts and security as part of a broader research agenda dealing with human rights also from other perspectives. 

Security Research in support of Societal resilience and Trust - What are the gaps today and how to address them?

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
Workshop „Societal Security“ in R&D, Brussels, 1 July 2010
Abstract: 

Expert Session on “Security research in support of Societal resilience and Trust”.

The aim of this session is to identify and discuss gaps in security research today, especially in support of societal resilience and trust, to discuss and conclude how these gaps can be addressed and to take into account first results and lessons learned from ongoing/finished FP7 Security research projects. 

More Presentations, Reports and Discussion Papers of the Workshop „Societal Security“ in R&D are available under 'Related Documents' below. 

Macrosecuritisation and security constellations: reconsidering scale in securitisation theory

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Review of International Studies, 35 (2): 253-276
Abstract: 

The Copenhagen school's theory of securitisation has mainly focused on the middle level of world politics in which collective political units, often but not always states, construct relationships o

f amity or enmity with each other. Its argument has been that this middle level would be the most active both because of the facility with which collective political units can construct each other as threats, and the difficulty of finding audiences for the kinds of securitisations and referent objects that are available at the individual and system levels. This article focuses on the gap between the middle and system levels, and asks whether there is not more of substance there than the existing Copenhagen school analyses suggests. It revisits the under-discussed concept of security constellations in Copenhagen school theory, and adds to it the idea of macrosecuritisations as ways of getting an analytical grip on what happens above the middle level. It then suggests how applying these concepts adds not just a missing sense of scale, but also a useful insight into underlying political logics, to how one understands the patterns of securitisation historical, and contemporary.

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