Knowledgebase

Number of results: 236

Contemporary Security Studies (4th Edition)

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Oxford University Press
Abstract: 

Contemporary Security Studies is bringing together leading scholars in the field of Security Studies. It features an impressive breadth and depth of coverage of the different theoretical

approaches to the study of security and the ever-evolving range of issues that dominate the security agenda in the 21st Century. Throughout the text, students are encouraged to question their own preconceptions and assumptions, and to use their own judgement to critically evaluate key approaches and ideas. To help them achieve this, each chapter is punctuated with helpful learning features including 'key ideas', 'think points' and case studies, demonstrating the real world applications and implications of the theory. In addition to covering a wide range of topical security issues, from terrorism and inter-state armed conflict to cybersecurity, health, and transnational crime, the fourth edition features a new chapter on postcolonialism and expanded coverage of critical security studies. The book is supported by an Online Resource Centre designed to help students take their learning further.

Globalization and Environmental Challenges - Reconceptualizing Security in the 21st Century

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
Springer Verlag
Abstract: 

Globalization and Environmental Challenges pose new security dangers and concerns.

In this reference book on global security thinking, 92 authors from five continents and many disciplines, from science and practice, assess the global reconceptualization of security triggered by the end of the Cold War, globalization and manifold impacts of global environmental change in the early 21st century. In 10 parts, 75 chapters address the theoretical, philosophical, ethical and religious and spatial context of security; discuss the relationship between security, peace, development and environment; review the reconceptualization of security in philosophy, international law, economics and political science and for the political, military, economic, social and environmental security dimension and the adaptation of the institutional security concepts of the UN, EU and NATO; analyze the reconceptualization of regional security and alternative security futures and draw conclusions for future research and action.

Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict - Challenges for Societal Stability

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
Springer Verlag
Abstract: 

Severe droughts, damaging floods and mass migration: Climate change is becoming a focal point for security and conflict research and a challenge for the world’s governance structures.

But how severe are the security risks and conflict potentials of climate change? Could global warming trigger a sequence of events leading to economic decline, social unrest and political instability? What are the causal relationships between resource scarcity and violent conflict? This book brings together international experts to explore these questions using in-depth case studies from around the world. Furthermore, the authors discuss strategies, institutions and cooperative approaches to stabilize the climate-society interaction.

Action Plan to support the protection of public spaces - COM (2017) 612

Document type: 
Policy document
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission
Abstract: 

Recent terrorist attacks have shown a recurrent targeting of public spaces, exploiting the intrinsic vulnerabilities of these so-called "soft targets" that result from their open nature and public

character. This concerned pedestrian precincts, tourist sites, transport hubs, shopping malls, places of worship, outdoor markets, concert halls and city squares. This Action Plan sets out measures to provide guidance and support to Member States at national, regional and local level in protecting public spaces.These operational measures will support Member States in detecting threats, reducing the vulnerability of public spaces, mitigating the consequences of a terrorist attack and improving cooperation.

  

Action Plan to enhance preparedness against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security risks - COM (2017) 610

Document type: 
Policy document
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission
Abstract: 

This Action Plan aims to increase the European cooperation to strengthen CBRN security with a focus on preventing, preparing for, and responding to CBRN threat and terrorism attacks.

Actions set out in this Communication will support Member States to protect citizens and infrastructures. Many of the proposed actions pursue an all-hazards approach and will also contribute to improving preparedness for any large scale CBRN incidents unconnected to terrorism. 

Resilience, Deterrence and Defence: Building strong cybersecurity for the EU - JOIN (2017) 450

Document type: 
Policy document
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission / European External Action Service
Abstract: 

The European Commission and the High Representative propose a wide range of concrete measures to further strengthen the EU’s cybersecurity structures and capabilities with more cooperation between

the Member States and the different EU structures concerned. These measures are intended to ensure that the EU is better prepared to face the ever-increasing cybersecurity challenges. The approach set out in this Joint Communication aims at building greater resilience and strategic autonomy, boosting capabilities interms of technology and skills, as well as helping to build a strong single market. Additionally, it aims at a better deterence against cyber-attacks, by stepping up work to detect, trace and hold to account those responsible. 

Joint Framework on countering hybrid threats - a European Union response - JOIN (2016) 18

Document type: 
Policy document
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission / European External Action Service (EEAS)
Abstract: 

This Joint Communication aims to facilitate a holistic approach that will enable the EU, in coordination with Member States, to specifically counter threats of a hybrid nature by creating synergies

between all relevant instruments and fostering close cooperation between all relevant actors. The actions build on existing strategies and sectoral policies that contribute to achieving greater security. In particular, the European Agenda on Security, the European Union Global Strategy for foreign and security policy and European Defence Action Plan, the EU Cybersecurity Strategy, the Energy Security Strategy, the European Union Maritime Security Strategy are tools that may also contribute to countering hybrid threats. 

A Strategic Approach to Resilience in the EU's external action - JOIN (2017) 21

Document type: 
Policy document
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission / European External Action Service (EEAS)
Abstract: 

The European Commission and the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini present how the European Union aims to support states, societies, communities and individuals in adapting to gr

owing and increasingly long-term pressures. This is one the priorities guiding the EU's external action as presented by the EU Global Strategy. It puts a particular emphasis on anticipation, prevention and preparedness, aiming to move from crisis containment to a more structural and long-term approach to global challenges.

Predictive Policing

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

Predictive Policing (PM) refers to the usage of mathematical, predictive and analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity.

Algorithms are used to forecast where crimes are likely to occur and who might commit them, and make recommendations for allocating police resources. In principal there are two different types of predictive models, which tie crimes to people or places. First the offender-based model, which creates risk profiles for individuals in the criminal justice system and second the geospatial model, which generates risk profiles for locations.

Internet of Things Security

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

The Internet of things (IoT) equips physical objects with computer technology and sensors, and hence enables them to build networks among themselves.

Threats can arise by the misuse of integrated sensors (e.g. cameras or microphones), which monitor and gather all types of data on machines and human social life. The malware "Stuxnet" has shown that cyber attacks on such networked devices can have serious physical impact. Hence security issues, such as privacy, authorization, verification, access control, system configuration, information storage, and management, are the main challenges in an IoT environment.

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