Knowledgebase

Number of results: 25

Swarm Robotics

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Swarm Robotics

Similar to swarms of certain animals, which exhibit a collective behaviour when aggregated together, groups of robots can interact by following simple rules implemented in each individual system instead of carrying out instructions of a central planning unit. Such robot swarms are not necessarily dependent on communication between the swarm members and do not need any command structure, in contrast to cooperative multi-robot systems. However, in common language often the term “swarm” is used with respect to robotics neglecting this differentiation, but referring to arbitrary groups of robots, irrespective of the type of their interaction.

Post-Quantum Cryptography

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Post-Quantum Cryptography

All widely used public-key cryptosystems such as RSA (Rivest, Shamir, Adleman) and ECC (elliptic curve cryptography) could be broken by quantum computers. Post-quantum cryptography refers to (mostly public-key) cryptographic schemes that run on conventional (classical) computers and are not breakable using classical or quantum computers.

Smart Grids

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Smart Grids

“Smart Grid” refers to the monitoring  protection and automatic optimization of the operation of an electricity network  which consists of central and distributed generators  the high-voltage network and distribution systems  industrial users  energy storage installations and end-use consumers with their appliances. Such a network is characterized by a sophisticated information management to create an automated widely distributed energy delivery network enabling the near-instantaneous balance of supply and demand at the device level. 

Automated human behavior analysis

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Automated human behavior analysis

The term automated human behavior analysis (AHBA) stands  for  the  identification and assessment of human behavior for the purpose of  detecting suspicious behavior of persons in public or while personnel interactions such as surveys. This process is supported by automated processes. The aim of the automated behavior analysis is the detection of individuals with bad intentions (e.g. terrorists) and the prevention of their actions in advance or uncovering already committed deeds.     

Bioremediation

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Bioremediation

Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms to remove or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site. The applied technologies can be classified as in situ or ex situ. In situ bioremediation involves treating the contaminated material at the site, while ex situ comprises the removal of the contaminated material to be treated elsewhere. Bioremediation provides a cost- effective clean-up technology that accelerates naturally occurring biodegradation processes, compared to traditional site remediation approaches.

Indoor Navigation

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Indoor Navigation

An indoor navigation system usually consists of a network of devices to locate objects or people inside a building. Its purpose is to help users and mobile robots to have easy access to position and navigation information.

Homomorphic Encryption

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE Project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Momorphic Encryption

Momorphic Encryption is a kind of cryptography  where mathematical operations on the ciphertext are equivalent to  mathematical operations on the plaintext. This property allows the processing of encrypted data without former decryption of the data.  That means that the confidentiality of the data even during processing is guaranteed  in contrast to other  non-homomorphic  encryption  schemes.

Agent-based Modelling

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Agent-based Modelling

Agent-based models are a class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents  (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. They  are an important tool for the emerging and rapidly evolving field of computational sociology and constitute an important link between  social sciences and complexity sciences.

Nano Air Vehicles

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Nano Air Vehicles

Nano Air Vehicles (NAV) are the smallest class of unmanned aerial vehicles. Typical dimensions are in the range of about 15 cm size or below and about 15 g weight or less, yet a common classification does not exist. Due to their small size and slow absolut velocities the design of NAV needs to be different from the typical fixed wing or helicopter concepts of larger aircraft. NAV generally are built as mini-quadcopter or even flapping wing platforms, fostering a paradigm shift away from normal flight with steady or bound vortices to unsteady flow phenomena as in bird and insect flight. 

European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Maritime Surveillance is the effective understanding of all activities carried out at sea that could impact the security, safety, economy or environment . This includes e.g. border control, fisheries control, customs, maritime transport control and weather observation

 

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