Knowledgebase

Number of results: 23

Smart Grids

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Smart Grids

“Smart Grid” refers to the monitoring  protection and automatic optimization of the operation of an electricity network  which consists of central and distributed generators  the high-voltage network and distribution systems  industrial users  energy storage installations and end-use consumers with their appliances. Such a network is characterized by a sophisticated information management to create an automated widely distributed energy delivery network enabling the near-instantaneous balance of supply and demand at the device level. 

Automated human behavior analysis

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Automated human behavior analysis

The term automated human behavior analysis (AHBA) stands  for  the  identification and assessment of human behavior for the purpose of  detecting suspicious behavior of persons in public or while personnel interactions such as surveys. This process is supported by automated processes. The aim of the automated behavior analysis is the detection of individuals with bad intentions (e.g. terrorists) and the prevention of their actions in advance or uncovering already committed deeds.     

Bioremediation

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Bioremediation

Bioremediation is a waste management technique that involves the use of organisms to remove or neutralize pollutants from a contaminated site. The applied technologies can be classified as in situ or ex situ. In situ bioremediation involves treating the contaminated material at the site, while ex situ comprises the removal of the contaminated material to be treated elsewhere. Bioremediation provides a cost- effective clean-up technology that accelerates naturally occurring biodegradation processes, compared to traditional site remediation approaches.

Indoor Navigation

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Indoor Navigation

An indoor navigation system usually consists of a network of devices to locate objects or people inside a building. Its purpose is to help users and mobile robots to have easy access to position and navigation information.

Homomorphic Encryption

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE Project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Momorphic Encryption

Momorphic Encryption is a kind of cryptography  where mathematical operations on the ciphertext are equivalent to  mathematical operations on the plaintext. This property allows the processing of encrypted data without former decryption of the data.  That means that the confidentiality of the data even during processing is guaranteed  in contrast to other  non-homomorphic  encryption  schemes.

Agent-based Modelling

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Agent-based Modelling

Agent-based models are a class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents  (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. They  are an important tool for the emerging and rapidly evolving field of computational sociology and constitute an important link between  social sciences and complexity sciences.

Nano Air Vehicles

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Nano Air Vehicles

Nano Air Vehicles (NAV) are the smallest class of unmanned aerial vehicles. Typical dimensions are in the range of about 15 cm size or below and about 15 g weight or less, yet a common classification does not exist. Due to their small size and slow absolut velocities the design of NAV needs to be different from the typical fixed wing or helicopter concepts of larger aircraft. NAV generally are built as mini-quadcopter or even flapping wing platforms, fostering a paradigm shift away from normal flight with steady or bound vortices to unsteady flow phenomena as in bird and insect flight. 

European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Maritime Surveillance is the effective understanding of all activities carried out at sea that could impact the security, safety, economy or environment . This includes e.g. border control, fisheries control, customs, maritime transport control and weather observation

 

Whole Body Scanner

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Whole Body Scanners

Whole Body Imaging (WBI) technology or Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) is used to scan and create a full-body (2- or 3- dimensional) image of an individual, including the surface of the skin and objects on, but not in, the body. Backscatter x-ray systems scan the surface of a body at a high speed with low-dose x-rays at 0.01 to 10 nm wavelengths. Millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging systems utilize radiation with 1 to 10 mm to generate a three-dimensional image based on the energy reflected from the body; and terahertz imagers ("sub-millimeter" systems) operate at 0.1 to 1.0 mm wavelengths sensing the heat emission from a human body. 

Augmented Reality Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Augmented Reality Systems

Augmented reality systems (ARS) are computer generated additions to reality, such as visual, audible or tactile information, which enhance the users perception of his environment. These augmented aspects give the user the impression that these are a part of the real world. Such systems can e.g. be handheld devices (e. g. mobile phone), head mounted displays (e. g. google glass), projections or contact lens displays.

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