Knowledgebase

Number of results: 9

Earthquake Prediction

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Earthquake Prediction

A distinction must be made between the prediction of an earthquake and earthquake early warning systems (EEW). EEW  systems use seismic monitoring systems to alert devices and people when shaking waves, generated by an earthquake, are expected to  arrive at their location. Monitoring technologies recognize P-waves which are not destructive. After some seconds to minutes (depending on  their intensity and the distance to the epicenter) these are followed by damaging S-waves. During the period between P- and S-waves,  people and technical systems can be warned to protect life and property from destructive shaking (warning time: about 1 second for every 5  miles). On the current state of scientific knowledge reliable earthquake predictions are not possible.

Swarm Robotics

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Swarm Robotics

Similar to swarms of certain animals, which exhibit a collective behaviour when aggregated together, groups of robots can interact by following simple rules implemented in each individual system instead of carrying out instructions of a central planning unit. Such robot swarms are not necessarily dependent on communication between the swarm members and do not need any command structure, in contrast to cooperative multi-robot systems. However, in common language often the term “swarm” is used with respect to robotics neglecting this differentiation, but referring to arbitrary groups of robots, irrespective of the type of their interaction.

Indoor Navigation

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Indoor Navigation

An indoor navigation system usually consists of a network of devices to locate objects or people inside a building. Its purpose is to help users and mobile robots to have easy access to position and navigation information.

Nano Air Vehicles

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Nano Air Vehicles

Nano Air Vehicles (NAV) are the smallest class of unmanned aerial vehicles. Typical dimensions are in the range of about 15 cm size or below and about 15 g weight or less, yet a common classification does not exist. Due to their small size and slow absolut velocities the design of NAV needs to be different from the typical fixed wing or helicopter concepts of larger aircraft. NAV generally are built as mini-quadcopter or even flapping wing platforms, fostering a paradigm shift away from normal flight with steady or bound vortices to unsteady flow phenomena as in bird and insect flight. 

European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Maritime Surveillance is the effective understanding of all activities carried out at sea that could impact the security, safety, economy or environment . This includes e.g. border control, fisheries control, customs, maritime transport control and weather observation

 

Whole Body Scanner

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Whole Body Scanners

Whole Body Imaging (WBI) technology or Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) is used to scan and create a full-body (2- or 3- dimensional) image of an individual, including the surface of the skin and objects on, but not in, the body. Backscatter x-ray systems scan the surface of a body at a high speed with low-dose x-rays at 0.01 to 10 nm wavelengths. Millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging systems utilize radiation with 1 to 10 mm to generate a three-dimensional image based on the energy reflected from the body; and terahertz imagers ("sub-millimeter" systems) operate at 0.1 to 1.0 mm wavelengths sensing the heat emission from a human body. 

Augmented Reality Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Augmented Reality Systems

Augmented reality systems (ARS) are computer generated additions to reality, such as visual, audible or tactile information, which enhance the users perception of his environment. These augmented aspects give the user the impression that these are a part of the real world. Such systems can e.g. be handheld devices (e. g. mobile phone), head mounted displays (e. g. google glass), projections or contact lens displays.

Through the wall sensors

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of through-the wall sensing

Through the Wall Sensing (TWS) or Through the Wall Radar (TWR) describe technologies which enable the detection and localization of persons or objects through non transparent and non metallic matter (e.g. walls, debris). Active TWS systems use microwave or rather radar frequencies (2-30 Ghz), whereas passive systems are able to utilize radiation emitted by WLAN or broadcasting systems.

 

Biometric Recognition Technologies

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Biometric recognition technologies

"Biometric recognition includes a variety of technologies which are used for the automated identification and authentication of people. Unique identifiable attributes such as iris, retina or fingerprints, as well as hand, face, voice or gait patterns can be used to validate the identity of individuals"

 

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