Knowledgebase

Number of results: 14

Small States and International Security - Europe and Beyond

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
Routledge
Abstract: 

This book explains what ‘small’ states are and explores their current security challenges, in general terms and through specific examples.

It reflects the shift from traditional security definitions emphasizing defence and armaments, to new security concerns such as economic, societal and environmental security where institutional cooperation looms larger. These complex issues, linked with traditional power relations and new types of actors, need to be tackled with due regard to democracy and good governance. Key policy challenges for small states are examined and applied in the regional case studies.

Contemporary Security Studies (4th Edition)

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Oxford University Press
Abstract: 

Contemporary Security Studies is bringing together leading scholars in the field of Security Studies. It features an impressive breadth and depth of coverage of the different theoretical

approaches to the study of security and the ever-evolving range of issues that dominate the security agenda in the 21st Century. Throughout the text, students are encouraged to question their own preconceptions and assumptions, and to use their own judgement to critically evaluate key approaches and ideas. To help them achieve this, each chapter is punctuated with helpful learning features including 'key ideas', 'think points' and case studies, demonstrating the real world applications and implications of the theory. In addition to covering a wide range of topical security issues, from terrorism and inter-state armed conflict to cybersecurity, health, and transnational crime, the fourth edition features a new chapter on postcolonialism and expanded coverage of critical security studies. The book is supported by an Online Resource Centre designed to help students take their learning further.

Globalization and Environmental Challenges - Reconceptualizing Security in the 21st Century

Document type: 
Book
Publisher / Publication: 
Springer Verlag
Abstract: 

Globalization and Environmental Challenges pose new security dangers and concerns.

In this reference book on global security thinking, 92 authors from five continents and many disciplines, from science and practice, assess the global reconceptualization of security triggered by the end of the Cold War, globalization and manifold impacts of global environmental change in the early 21st century. In 10 parts, 75 chapters address the theoretical, philosophical, ethical and religious and spatial context of security; discuss the relationship between security, peace, development and environment; review the reconceptualization of security in philosophy, international law, economics and political science and for the political, military, economic, social and environmental security dimension and the adaptation of the institutional security concepts of the UN, EU and NATO; analyze the reconceptualization of regional security and alternative security futures and draw conclusions for future research and action.

A Strategic Approach to Resilience in the EU's external action - JOIN (2017) 21

Document type: 
Policy document
Publisher / Publication: 
European Commission / European External Action Service (EEAS)
Abstract: 

The European Commission and the High Representative/Vice President Federica Mogherini present how the European Union aims to support states, societies, communities and individuals in adapting to gr

owing and increasingly long-term pressures. This is one the priorities guiding the EU's external action as presented by the EU Global Strategy. It puts a particular emphasis on anticipation, prevention and preparedness, aiming to move from crisis containment to a more structural and long-term approach to global challenges.

A summary of risk areas and scenario analyses 2012–2015

Document type: 
Report
Publisher / Publication: 
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)
Abstract: 

The report presents a comprehensive overview of the different risks Sweden faces, risks which could have a serious impact on key Swedish national values of protection: human life and health, societ

y’s functionality, economy and the environment, democracy, rule of law, and human rights and freedoms, and national sovereignty. For the purpose of clarity, MSB has categorised the risks into four main categories. The four main categories are: natural hazards, major accidents, disruption to technical infrastructure and supply systems, and antagonistic hazards. The types of risk that could arise, their impact, examples of past incidents, and the responsibility in relation to these risks are discussed for each category. Where MSB has conducted a scenario analysis in relation to the risk area, the results of this are presented after the initial risk description. Each scenario has been analysed based on the capability of society to prevent and respond to the scenario in respect of its potential impact on Sweden’s national values of protection. Each analysis also includes a discussion related to the likelihood, sensitivity, and uncertainties pertaining to the scenario.

Anticipating uncertainty, reviving risk? On the stress testing of finance in crisis

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Economy and Society, 42 (1): 51-73
Abstract: 

Widely regarded as a watershed moment in the governance of the present global financial crisis, the US Treasury's Supervisory Capital Assessment Program (SCAP) of spring 2009 undertook to ‘stress t

est’ the solvency of the largest American banks by projecting their capital adequacy going forward. The SCAP is shown to have been an important intervention that restored market confidence in US banks because it rigorously embraced and acted through a subtle but significant change in the repertoires of risk management, a very public turn to anticipatory techniques designed to ensure preparedness for low-probability, high-impact events. And, as the subsequent failures of stress-testing exercises to inspire confidence in European banking are also shown to demonstrate, the performative power of these anticipatory techniques itself turns on their seemingly precise methodological application and animation by a positive affective charge.

The Changing Agenda of Societal Security

Document type: 
Scientific publication
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
In: Brauch H.G. et al. (eds) Globalization and Environmental Challenges. Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, vol 3, Springer Verlag, pp 581-593
Abstract: 

Security dynamics have some shared features irrespective of their referent object or ‘sector’, and ‘different kinds of security’ often interact so that one actor’s fear for military security trigge

rs countermeasures that make another state worried about its economic security, which in turn triggers countermeasures that let a security dilemma loose operating across ‘kinds’ of security. For these two reasons, it is useful to study economic security, military security, political security, environmental security and other forms together, side by side. But there are also significant differences between, for instance security against military threats and against migration (when viewed as a threat), or between economic security and environmental security. This makes it useful to look systematically at the security of what might be called ‘sectors’ (economic, military, etc) and draw out the particularities regarding what are the main objects defended, who typically acts in this sector, and not least, what dynamics of security and insecurity are characteristic of this sector.

Five challenging future scenarios for societal security

Document type: 
Report
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)
Abstract: 

In this document, MSB presents five different scenarios showing how society might develop up to 2032.

The societies described in the scenarios are faced with various types of challenges and opportunities for societal security. It deals firstly with the changing threat and risk scenario and secondly with how the conditions facing society to deal with accidents and emergencies are being influenced by society at large. Possible developments are explored through the scenarios from a number of different perspectives. The scenarios are aimed at provoking thoughts and ideas, challenging routine thinking and paving the way for a structured discussion on the significance o f various future developments. In addition to the five future scenarios, this document also gives a brief description of how the scenarios are structured.

Happiness and Economics: How the Economy and Institutions Affect Human Well-Being

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Princeton University Press
Abstract: 

Curiously, economists, whose discipline has much to do with human well-being, have shied away from factoring the study of happiness into their work.

Happiness, they might say, is an ''unscientific'' concept. This is the first book to establish empirically the link between happiness and economics--and between happiness and democracy. Two respected economists, Bruno S. Frey and Alois Stutzer, integrate insights and findings from psychology, where attempts to measure quality of life are well-documented, as well as from sociology and political science. They demonstrate how micro- and macro-economic conditions in the form of income, unemployment, and inflation affect happiness. The research is centered on Switzerland, whose varying degrees of direct democracy from one canton to another, all within a single economy, allow for political effects to be isolated from economic effects.

Not surprisingly, the authors confirm that unemployment and inflation nurture unhappiness. Their most striking revelation, however, is that the more developed the democratic institutions and the degree of local autonomy, the more satisfied people are with their lives. While such factors as rising income increase personal happiness only minimally, institutions that facilitate more individual involvement in politics (such as referendums) have a substantial effect. For countries such as the United States, where disillusionment with politics seems to be on the rise, such findings are especially significant. By applying econometrics to a real-world issue of general concern and yielding surprising results, Happiness and Economics promises to spark healthy debate over a wide range of the social sciences.

Risk Society. Towards a New Modernity

Document type: 
Book
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Sage Publications Ltd
Abstract: 

This panoramic analysis of the condition of Western societies has been hailed as a classic.

This first English edition has taken its place as a core text of contemporary sociology alongside earlier typifications of society as postindustrial and current debates about the social dimensions of the postmodern. Underpinning the analysis is the notion of the `risk society'. The changing nature of society's relation to production and distribution is related to the environmental impact as a totalizing, globalizing economy based on scientific and technical knowledge becomes more central to social organization and social conflict. 

Pages

Go to top