Knowledgebase

Number of results: 11

Machine Learning for Security Applications

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page sheet on the technology trends of Machine Learning for Security Applications. Machine learning (ML) is a subtopic of artificial intelligence (AI).

It is concerned with techniques that enable computers to automatically learn certain tasks from data, e.g. to recognize faces in images.

Non-lethal electromagnetic weapons for crowd control

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page sheet on the technology trends of non-lethal electromagnetic weapons for crowd control

Electromagnetic weapons for use against humans have been developed in the USA. They use millimeter-waves of 95 GHz that penetrate only the upper layer of the human skin where they cause a burning sensation. Goal of these weapons is to repel target subjects without inducing burn injuries.

Earthquake Prediction

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Earthquake Prediction

A distinction must be made between the prediction of an earthquake and earthquake early warning systems (EEW). EEW  systems use seismic monitoring systems to alert devices and people when shaking waves, generated by an earthquake, are expected to  arrive at their location. Monitoring technologies recognize P-waves which are not destructive. After some seconds to minutes (depending on  their intensity and the distance to the epicenter) these are followed by damaging S-waves. During the period between P- and S-waves,  people and technical systems can be warned to protect life and property from destructive shaking (warning time: about 1 second for every 5  miles). On the current state of scientific knowledge reliable earthquake predictions are not possible.

Post-Quantum Cryptography

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Post-Quantum Cryptography

All widely used public-key cryptosystems such as RSA (Rivest, Shamir, Adleman) and ECC (elliptic curve cryptography) could be broken by quantum computers. Post-quantum cryptography refers to (mostly public-key) cryptographic schemes that run on conventional (classical) computers and are not breakable using classical or quantum computers.

Automated human behavior analysis

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Automated human behavior analysis

The term automated human behavior analysis (AHBA) stands  for  the  identification and assessment of human behavior for the purpose of  detecting suspicious behavior of persons in public or while personnel interactions such as surveys. This process is supported by automated processes. The aim of the automated behavior analysis is the detection of individuals with bad intentions (e.g. terrorists) and the prevention of their actions in advance or uncovering already committed deeds.     

Homomorphic Encryption

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE Project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Momorphic Encryption

Momorphic Encryption is a kind of cryptography  where mathematical operations on the ciphertext are equivalent to  mathematical operations on the plaintext. This property allows the processing of encrypted data without former decryption of the data.  That means that the confidentiality of the data even during processing is guaranteed  in contrast to other  non-homomorphic  encryption  schemes.

Agent-based Modelling

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Agent-based Modelling

Agent-based models are a class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents  (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. They  are an important tool for the emerging and rapidly evolving field of computational sociology and constitute an important link between  social sciences and complexity sciences.

Nano Air Vehicles

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Nano Air Vehicles

Nano Air Vehicles (NAV) are the smallest class of unmanned aerial vehicles. Typical dimensions are in the range of about 15 cm size or below and about 15 g weight or less, yet a common classification does not exist. Due to their small size and slow absolut velocities the design of NAV needs to be different from the typical fixed wing or helicopter concepts of larger aircraft. NAV generally are built as mini-quadcopter or even flapping wing platforms, fostering a paradigm shift away from normal flight with steady or bound vortices to unsteady flow phenomena as in bird and insect flight. 

European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of European Maritime Surveillance Overview Systems

Maritime Surveillance is the effective understanding of all activities carried out at sea that could impact the security, safety, economy or environment . This includes e.g. border control, fisheries control, customs, maritime transport control and weather observation

 

Whole Body Scanner

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Whole Body Scanners

Whole Body Imaging (WBI) technology or Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT) is used to scan and create a full-body (2- or 3- dimensional) image of an individual, including the surface of the skin and objects on, but not in, the body. Backscatter x-ray systems scan the surface of a body at a high speed with low-dose x-rays at 0.01 to 10 nm wavelengths. Millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging systems utilize radiation with 1 to 10 mm to generate a three-dimensional image based on the energy reflected from the body; and terahertz imagers ("sub-millimeter" systems) operate at 0.1 to 1.0 mm wavelengths sensing the heat emission from a human body. 

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