Knowledgebase

Number of results: 3

Earthquake Prediction

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Earthquake Prediction

A distinction must be made between the prediction of an earthquake and earthquake early warning systems (EEW). EEW  systems use seismic monitoring systems to alert devices and people when shaking waves, generated by an earthquake, are expected to  arrive at their location. Monitoring technologies recognize P-waves which are not destructive. After some seconds to minutes (depending on  their intensity and the distance to the epicenter) these are followed by damaging S-waves. During the period between P- and S-waves,  people and technical systems can be warned to protect life and property from destructive shaking (warning time: about 1 second for every 5  miles). On the current state of scientific knowledge reliable earthquake predictions are not possible.

Automated human behavior analysis

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Automated human behavior analysis

The term automated human behavior analysis (AHBA) stands  for  the  identification and assessment of human behavior for the purpose of  detecting suspicious behavior of persons in public or while personnel interactions such as surveys. This process is supported by automated processes. The aim of the automated behavior analysis is the detection of individuals with bad intentions (e.g. terrorists) and the prevention of their actions in advance or uncovering already committed deeds.     

Agent-based Modelling

Document type: 
Technology Trend card
Authors / Institution: 
Publisher / Publication: 
Fraunhofer for the SOURCE project
Abstract: 

1 page fact sheet on the technology trends of Agent-based Modelling

Agent-based models are a class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents  (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole. They  are an important tool for the emerging and rapidly evolving field of computational sociology and constitute an important link between  social sciences and complexity sciences.

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